Publication – Wöhnert, Schwalbe

Structure and dynamics of the deoxyguanosine-sensing riboswitch studied by NMR-spectroscopy.

Wacker A, Buck J, Mathieu D, Richter C, Wöhnert J, Schwalbe H. Nucleic Acids Res, 2011 Aug. Abstract or full publication here.

The mfl-riboswitch regulates expression of ribonucleotide reductase subunit in Mesoplasma florum by binding to 2′-deoxyguanosine and thereby promoting transcription termination. We characterized the structure of the ligand-bound aptamer domain by NMR spectroscopy and compared the mfl-aptamer to the aptamer domain of the closely related purine-sensing riboswitches. We show that the mfl-aptamer accommodates the extra 2′-deoxyribose unit of the ligand by forming a more relaxed binding pocket than these found in the purine-sensing riboswitches. Tertiary structures of the xpt-aptamer bound to guanine and of the mfl-aptamer bound to 2′-deoxyguanosine exhibit very similar features, although the sequence of the mfl-aptamer contains several alterations compared to the purine-aptamer consensus sequence. These alterations include the truncation of a hairpin loop which is crucial for complex formation in all purine-sensing riboswitches characterized to date. We further defined structural features and ligand binding requirements of the free mfl-aptamer and found that the presence of Mg(2+) is not essential for complex formation, but facilitates ligand binding by promoting pre-organization of key structural motifs in the free aptamer.